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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 101-107

Computed tomography findings and clinical manifestations in different clinical types of coronavirus disease 2019

1 Department of Radiology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China
2 Department of Radiology, The First People's Hospital, Wuhan, China
3 Department of Radiology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University; Department of Radiology, Quality Control Center, Changsha, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jun Liu
Department of Radiology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/RID.RID_6_22

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OBJECTIVE: Since the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan in 2019, the virus has spread rapidly. We investigated the clinical and computed tomography (CT) characteristics of different clinical types of COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical and chest CT findings of 89 reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction confirmed cases from five medical centers in China. All the patients were classified into the common (n = 65), severe (n = 18), or fatal (n = 6) type. CT features included lesion distribution, location, size, shape, edge, density, and the ratio of lung lesions to extra-pulmonary lesions. A COVID-19 chest CT analysis tool (uAI-discover-COVID-19) was used to calculate the number of infections from the chest CT images. RESULTS: Fatal type COVID-19 is more common in older men, with a median age of 65 years. Fever was more common in the severe and fatal type COVID-19 patients than in the common type patients. Patients with fatal type COVID-19 were more likely to have underlying diseases. On CT examination, common type COVID-19 showed bilateral (68%), patchy (83%), ground-glass opacity (48%), or mixed (46%) lesions. Severe and fatal type COVID-19 showed bilateral multiple mixed density lesions (56%). The infection ratio (IR) increased in the common type (2.4 [4.3]), severe type (15.7 [14.3]), and fatal type (36.9 [14.2]). The IR in the inferior lobe of both lungs was statistically different from that of other lobes in common and severe type patients (P < 0.05). However, in the fatal type group, only the IR in the right inferior lung (RIL) was statistically different from that in the right superior lung(RUL), right middle lung (RML), and the left superior lung (LSL) (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The CT findings and clinical features of the various clinical types of COVID-19 pneumonia are different. Chest CT findings have unique characteristics in the different clinical types, which can facilitate an early diagnosis and evaluate the clinical course and severity of COVID-19.

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